Program Areas
Quick Reference
Environmental Management Systems (EMS)


The EMS Program Area includes the latest guidance, examples, and resources for the development and implementation of processes and practices that enable an organization to reduce its environmental impacts and increase its operating efficiency.

The Implementing Instructions for EO 14057 issued August 2022 provides instructions to Federal agencies regarding the implementation of EO 14057 including agency planning, reporting requirements, and accountability.

Agencies must issue or revise existing agency policies, directives, and guidance, as appropriate, including employee training, to ensure alignment with the goals and requirements of the EO, the implementing instructions, and further guidance issued to implement the EO. Agencies should continue to use effective management strategies, such as environmental management systems (EMS) and energy management systems (EnMS), if they align with and support their agency needs and facilitate implementation and progress toward EO goals.

Please use the links above to quickly jump to the information area needed or scroll down to view all items.

EMS archive documents can be found here.

Regulations, Guidance, and Policy


Executive Orders
Provided for reference, EO 13423 "Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management" required the widespread use of Environmental Management Systems as the framework in which to manage and continually improve sustainable practices. It was revoked by EO 13693.
Federal Agency Guidance and Policies
This memorandum, dated 24 October 2016, outlines the DOE plans for the continued implementation of EMS.
EPA memo by EPA Administrator Christine Todd Whitman, May 17, 2002.
EPA Guidance
EPA's website on EMS includes information and resources related to EMS for small businesses and private industry, as well as local, state and federal agencies.
International Standards Organization (ISO)
Developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the 14000 series is primarily concerned with environmental management. The ISO standards must be purchased and so are not replicated here. The family of ISO 14000 standards includes:
  • ISO 14001, Environmental management systems -- Requirements with guidance for use, 2004
  • ISO 14004, Environmental management systems -- General guidelines on principles, systems and support techniques, 2004
  • ISO 14015, Environmental management -- Environmental assessment of sites and organizations (EASO), 2001
  • ISO 14031, Environmental management -- Environmental performance evaluation – Guidelines, 1999
  • ISO 14032, Environmental management -- Examples of environmental performance evaluation (EPE), 1999
ISO/IEC 17021:2006 has been issued and it contains principles and requirements for the competence, consistency and impartiality of the audit and certification of management systems of all types (e.g. quality management systems or environmental management systems) and for bodies providing these activities. Certification bodies operating to this International Standard need not offer all types of management system certification.
Developed by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), this document is primarily concerned with the management of audit programs. The ISO standards must be purchased and so are not replicated here.
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Supporting Information and Tools
Templates and Tools
Contains proposed language for inclusion in Statements of Work for new on-site contracts.
Contains proposed language for inclusion in Statements of Work for current/existing on-site contracts.
Example position description for senior environmental protection specialist/analyst in the area of environmental management.
U.S. Department of Defense's environmental management system's home page. Contains DoD-wide and Service-specific EMS policy and guidance, tools and training material, POCs, presentations, pilot studies and other useful information.
A non-profit, non-partisan, world federation of national associations for environmental management and sustainable development. Their site contains articles, case studies, and tools on environmental management, as well as links to other EMS sites.
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Lessons Learned
Award Winners
The Federal Green Challenge is a national effort under US EPA's Sustainable Materials Management Program, challenging EPA and other federal agencies throughout the country to lead by example in reducing the Federal Government's environmental impact. Federal Green Challenge (FGC) awards are offered in three categories – data driven, narrative, and adaptation. Data driven awards are in the target areas of Waste, Electronics, Purchasing, Energy, Water and Transportation. Narrative awards are given in the categories of Innovation, Education & Outreach and Leadership.
The Secretary of Defense Environmental Awards have honored individuals, teams, and installations for their outstanding achievements to improve the environmental performance of the Department of Defense each year since 1962.
EMS Development
EPA's EMS basics website, including why develop an EMS, how to develop and EMS, costs and benefits, etc.
EMS Examples and Case Studies
Developed by the Interstate Technology & Regulatory Council (ITRC) and dated February 2005. This document is designed to help range operators, regulators, and others develop a consistent approach to the evaluation and deployment of appropriate practices and technologies at applicable sites.
Measuring EMS Implementation/Success
These metrics provided agencies, organization and facilities that were implementing an Environmental Management System to report in fiscal years 2009-2015 on progress, performance and successes. Agencies may use this document to develop revised metrics for fiscal year 2016 and beyond.
On 23 November 2009, Michelle Moore, Federal Environmental Executive, sent an email to Agency Senior Sustainability Officers providing information on the annual EMS data call due 15 January 2010. Accompanying the data call are documents for accomplishing the 2009 report (see FY09 EMS Annual Report Data Call); an agency-level EMS report template (Attachment A); a facility/organization-level data template (Attachment B); the FY09 EMS metrics (Attachment C); and supplemental Oct 2008 guidance on establishing EMSs at All Appropriate Levels (Attachment D).
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Training, Presentations, and Briefings
Conferences and Events
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Last Updated: September 21, 2022