Federal contracts for services and supplies are a large source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which contribute to climate change. The U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) estimates that in 2019, federal contractors and subcontractors emitted a total of about 150 million metric tons (MMT) CO2 equivalent (CO2e) associated with federal contracts. The climate-change impact of federal contracts is thus around twice as large as the government's direct impact, which was about 74 MMT CO2e in 2019.
In recent decades, many businesses have taken actions to start reducing their GHG emissions. Since 2015, GSA has tracked the GHG reduction commitments of major federal contractors, which are summarized in this report. This data support efforts by federal agencies to reduce GHG emissions via contracts, recognition programs, and other procurement initiatives.
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