Program Areas
Quick Reference
Electronics Stewardship


This program area addresses the life-cycle management of electronics from procurement to disposal.

Executive Order (EO) 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, was signed by President Obama on 19 March 2015. Section 16 of this EO revokes the following:

  • Executive Order 13423 of January 24, 2007;
  • Executive Order 13514 of October 5, 2009;
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 2, 2011 (Implementation of Energy Savings Projects and Performance-Based Contracting for Energy Savings);
  • Section 1 of Presidential Memorandum of February 21, 2012 (Driving Innovation and Creating Jobs in Rural America through Biobased and Sustainable Product Procurement); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 5, 2013 (Federal Leadership on Energy Management); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of May 24, 2011 (Federal Fleet Performance).

The goal of EO 13693 is to maintain Federal leadership in sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reductions, including the promotion of electronics stewardship.

Federal agencies will promote electronics stewardship by:

  • Ensuring procurement preference for environmentally sustainable electronic products (see Acquisition Program Area);
  • Establishing and implementing policies to enable power management, duplex printing, and other energy-efficient or environmentally sustainable features on all eligible agency electronic products; and
  • Employing environmentally sound practices with respect to the agency's disposition of all agency excess or surplus electronic products.

The following definitions from the EO are applicable to this Program Area:

  • Agency - an executive agency as defined in section 105 of title 5, United States Code, excluding the Government Accountability Office (EO 13693, Section 19, para b).
  • Federal Facility - any building or collection of buildings, grounds, or structures, as well as any fixture or part thereof, which is owned by the United States or any Federal agency or that is held by the United States or any Federal agency under a lease-acquisition agreement under which the United States or a Federal agency will receive fee simple title under the terms of such agreement without further negotiation (EO 13693, Section 19, para l).

NOTE: This is not a comprehensive representation of all of the requirements detailed in EO 13693.

Please use the links below to quickly jump to the information area needed or scroll down to view all items.

Regulations, Guidance, and Policy
This strategy, released on July 20, 2011, specifies Federal actions for ensuring electronic stewardship in the US. An interagency task force co-chaired by CEQ, EPA and GSA developed recommendations that focus on incentivizing design of greener electronics, ensuring the Federal government leads by example in acquiring, managing, reusing and recycling its electronics, increasing domestic recycling efforts, and reducing harm from US exports of electronic waste and improving safe handling of used electronics to developing countries.
National Strategy for Electronics Stewardship (PDF), published in 2011, called for a on-line benchmarks of projects that lists each of the projects and the associated tasks. The NSES Benchmarks Progress Report is periodically updated to show the progress and status for each task. Last update March 2015.

In July, 2014, the Interagency Task Force on Electronics Stewardship released Moving Sustainable Electronics Forward: An Update to the National Strategy for Electronics Stewardship(PDF), to highlight the progress made on the National Strategy.

Full text of the Energy Independence and Security Act, signed December 19, 2007 by President Bush, for the purposes of moving the United States toward greater energy independence and security, to increase the production of clean renewable fuels, to protect consumers, to increase the efficiency of products, buildings, and vehicles, to promote research on and deploy greenhouse gas capture and storage options, and to improve the energy performance of the Federal Government.
This act was signed into law on August 8, 2005. the Act contains a multitude of provisions covering energy production, distribution, storage, efficiency, conservation, and research. The Act requires efficiency standards for certain large appliances and extends Daylight Saving Time to reduce consumption. It provides funding to improve efficiency in low-income housing and expands the Energy Star program. It also requires the federal government to increase the efficiency of its buildings and vehicles and provides tax credits for certain energy efficient purchases or improvements. Other topic of note are: renewable energy, expanding of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve, fuel production access in federal lands, the banning of drilling in the Great Lakes, electricity reliability, hydrogen vehicles, vehicle efficiency and alternative fuels, ethanol and motor fuels.
Federal agencies are required to purchase either energy-efficient, ENERGY STAR qualified, or EPEAT-registered products(computers, monitors, and laptops). The activation of power management settings on computers is also required. This page is designed to assist you in fulfilling these requirements.
Educational Technology: Ensuring Opportunity for All Children in the Next Century
18 April 1996
This EO directs all Federal agencies, to the extent permitted by law and where appropriate, to transfer computers and related peripheral tools determined to be excess to the needs of the agency directly to schools and nonprofit educational organizations.
Energy Efficient Standby Power Devices
31 Jul 2004
This EO directs Federal agencies to purchase low wattage standby power devices.
Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade
19 March 2015
The goal of EO 13693 is to maintain Federal leadership in sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reductions. Signed by President Obama on 19 March 2015. Section 16 of this EO revokes the following:
  • Executive Order 13423 of January 24, 2007;
  • Executive Order 13514 of October 5, 2009;
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 2, 2011 (Implementation of Energy Savings Projects and Performance-Based Contracting for Energy Savings);
  • Section 1 of Presidential Memorandum of February 21, 2012 (Driving Innovation and Creating Jobs in Rural America through Biobased and Sustainable Product Procurement); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 5, 2013 (Federal Leadership on Energy Management); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of May 24, 2011 (Federal Fleet Performance).
Need help understanding Executive Order (EO) 13693? Want to know more about how to take action and turn your building into a high-performance building? The Sustainable Facilities Tool can walk you through EO 13693. Click through the annotated text for definitions, strategies, and links.
This GSA-developed chart summarizes the major provisions of Executive Order (EO) 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability for the Next Decade, and how they differ from prior authorities.
Subchapter D, Part 23 details the affirmative procurement program requirements and Part 52 addresses the required affirmative procurement contract clauses.
Dated 29 February 2012, this bulletin provides guidance concerning the documentation of, and appropriate disposal of Federal Electronic Assets (FEA). Property items designated as FEA include: copiers; telephones, fax machines, and communication equipment; electronic equipment components; electrical and electronic properties measuring and testing instruments; digital cameras; desktop and laptop/portable computers, computer monitors, displays, printers, peripherals, and electronic components; televisions and other displays; and other items that clearly utilize solid-state electronics technology or vacuum tubes to perform.
Dated 15 April 2013, this GSA bulletin provides guidance for agencies to implement policies and procedures on printers and print management practices.
This document provides a policy template for Federal agencies to use in their internal print management guidance.
These instructions, dated 10 June 2015, provide Federal Executive departments and agencies with clarifying instructions for implementing EO 13693.
This take-back guidance was developed in collaboration with the member agencies of the Federal Electronic Stewardship Working Group (FESWG), drawing on their collective experience and expertise. The General Services Administration (GSA) reviewed this document for consistency with applicable federal property management laws and policy. Published September 2015.
Supporting Information and Tools
Databases/Software Tools
The EPEAT helps purchasers evaluate, compare and select electronic products based on their environmental attributes, and enables manufacturers to obtain market recognition for design and manufacturing of greener electronic products. EPEAT currently covers computers (desktops, notebooks, integrated desktops, workstations, thin clients, and tablets/slates), displays/monitors, imaging equipment (copiers, printers, scanners, fax machines, and multifunction devices), and televisions.
The software application measures the environmental benefits associated with decisions relating to computers, monitors and cell phones. The benefits it measures include energy savings, electricity cost savings, and reductions in greenhouse gases, hazardous waste, municipal solid waste, air pollution, water pollution, primary materials and toxic materials. To be user friendly, the software can express the benefits in terms of equivalencies. Energy savings, for example, can be translated into the number of homes powered by the corresponding amount of electricity. Greenhouse gas reductions, meanwhile, could be expressed as the equivalent number of passenger cars removed from the road.
Use this EXCEL spreadsheet to estimate typical savings from activating power management features that automatically place computers and displays into a low-power "sleep" mode after a period of inactivity. The calculator is a Quick Link on the right-hand side of the screen and labeled "Estimate your PC power management savings".
These calculators allow users to enter their own input values (e.g., utility rates, hours of use, etc.) to estimate the energy cost savings from buying a more efficient product. Calculators are available for, but not limited to: compact fluorescent lamps, commercial unitary air conditioners, air cooled chillers, water-cooled chillers, commercial heat pumps, boilers, refrigerators, freezers, beverage vending machines, computers, monitors, faxes, printers, copiers, faucet/showerheads, toilet/urinals, central air conditioners, gas furnaces, electric/gas water heaters, clothes washers, and dish washers.
This is the customer interface to the Federal Disposal System (FEDS). GSAXcess® provides agencies a means of electronically reporting excess personal property to GSA. By using GSAXcess®, customers seeking property can avoid the cost of new procurements by acquiring the same or like items that have been reported as excess by another federal activity. Agencies may search GSA's worldwide inventory through a process known as screening and may request property for transfer by selecting specific items. The property system is available to three groups of users: Federal agencies; Authorized nonfederal recipients; and Surplus customers.
This EXCEL spreadsheet was developed by U.S. EPA and DOE to estimate the energy consumption and operating costs of office equipment and the savings with ENERGY STAR. It includes computers, monitors, displays, imaging equipment, multifunction devices, and VoIP phones. Scroll down the page in order to access the calculator.
No items available
This is a library of resources for Federal acquisition, use, and disposal of electronics. This library is still available as of May 2015 even though the FEC is no longer a partnership program. These resources provide valuable best practices, but may be out of date in reference to updated Federal requirements.
This site is a collection of the laws, regulations, and guidance for the management of personal property.
The CFL program specifically matches the computer needs of schools and educational nonprofit organization with excess equipment in Federal agencies.
A government-backed program helping businesses and individuals protect the environment through superior energy efficiency.
The Federal Electronics Stewardship Working Group (FESWG) is an interagency working group dedicated to furthering progress on federal electronics stewardship sustainability goals among Executive Agencies. The FESWG discusses federal electronics stewardship goals, progress and measurement; shares best practices and lessons learned; and engages in continuing education on relevant electronics stewardship issues and solutions.
The Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) works to reduce the cost and environmental impact of the Federal government by advancing energy efficiency and water conservation, promoting the use of distributed and renewable energy, and improving utility management decisions at Federal sites.
Established by Presidential Proclamation for America Recycles Day, November 2010, the Task Force developed the national strategy for electronics stewardship in concert with the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and General Services Administration (GSA) as the leads.
The NCER is dedicated to the enhancement of the national infrastructure for recycling used electronics under the direction of an Industry Advisory Committee of manufacturers who are the leaders in the environmental field.
This organization works to develop and promote legislation and voluntary initiatives so that manufacturers are responsible for recycling or safely disposing of their products once consumers are done with the product. Their website includes a list of Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) laws for electronics and other products in the U.S.
Supporting Information and Tools Bottom Border
Lessons Learned
The model language aids Federal agencies to incorporate the performance criteria used for ENERGY STAR®-qualified and FEMP-designated products into procurement contracts for energy consuming products and systems. These include guide and project specifications; construction, renovation and service contracts; and the evaluations of offers. Products for which model language is available include: compact fluorescent lamps, exit signs, refrigerators, freezers, dish washers, clothes washers, heat pumps, air conditioners, furnaces, water heaters, chillers, ice machines, griddles, fryers, faucets, showerheads, toilets, computers, monitors, printers, roof products, and windows.
Case study of a governmental office in Illinois that lowered printing costs by 15% through the use of multi-functional devices (MFD).
Federal agencies are required to purchase energy-efficient products. To help buyers meet these requirements, the Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) maintains acquisition guidance for numerous product categories which are covered by programs such as ENERGY STAR, FEMP, EPEAT, Low Standby Power, and Watersense.
Produced by the Responsible Purchasing Network (RPN), this is a comprehensive resource for the responsible use, purchasing, and disposal of computers, monitors, and laptops.
This Guide provides information and recommendations on purchasing responsible printers, copiers, fax machines, scanners, and multifunction devices (MFDs). The guide is developed by the Responsible Purchasing Network
Award Winners
FGC awards are given in two categories - data driven and narrative. Data driven awards are in the wares of Waste, Electronics, and Purchasing, Water, and Transportation. Narrative Awards are given in the categories of Innovation, Education and Outreach, and Leadership.
CRTs are the video display components of televisions and computer monitors. The glass in CRTs typically contains enough lead to require managing it as hazardous waste under certain circumstances. EPA has provided conditional exclusions from the federal hazardous waste management standards for CRTs and CRT glass destined for recycling.
EPA encourages all electronics recyclers to become certified by demonstrating to an accredited, independent third-party auditor that they meet specific standards to safely recycle and manage electronics. Currently two accredited certification standards exist: the Responsible Recycling Practices (R2) and the e-Stewards® standards. EPA also encourages customers to choose certified electronics recyclers. This web page provides an interactive map for locating a certified recycler.
The Computers For Learning (CFL) program evolved as a guide for implementing Executive Order 12999, Educational Technology: Ensuring Opportunity for all Children in the Next Century. The CFL website enables schools and educational nonprofit organizations to obtain excess computer equipment from federal agencies.Federal agencies can report their excess computers and related peripheral equipment to GSA through the GSAXcess® website. Eligible recipients can view and request the available federal excess property at the CFL website.
Helps users to identify available recycling services in their state and city for items such as: cell phones, computers, Nicad batteries, monitors, office machines, printers, printer cartridges, and telephone equipment.
This is the entry site for the Federal Excess Personal Property Utilization Program and the Federal Surplus Personal Property Donation Program operated by the General Services Administration. Your agency can report excess personal property for transfer by GSA to other Federal and State Agencies for Surplus Property (SASPs) as well as search for and obtain excess personal property. Your agency can also report and transfer excess computers and peripheral equipment to schools and educational nonprofit organizations through the Computers for Learning (CFL) program or post your CFL transfers done outside our system. This site is not intended for the general public.
This is a non-profit, public service organization dedicated to rechargeable battery recycling. Enter a zip code to locate nearby rechargeable battery and cell phone recyclers nearby.
Click on your state to find reuse, recycling, and donation programs across the country, including for batteries and mercury-containing lamps. Also provides a set of screening criteria for recyclers.
USPS BlueEarth is a group of federal recycling programs coordinated by the US Postal Service® to support sustainability initiatives that make it easy for federal agencies and their employees to properly dispose of items like empty ink cartridges and unwanted small electronics.
UNICOR operates a nationwide network of electronics recycling centers where they convert donated electronics into various recyclable materials for resale to registered vendors. Help reduce landfill congestion, make the environment cleaner, and provide valuable skills and experience to reduce inmate recidivism.
Training, Presentations, and Briefings
ENERGY STAR invites you to take advantage of the on-line training sessions and presentations available to your organization at no cost. You can participate in the session using your own computer and phone, or gather interested colleagues together around a central phone and computer to train several people in your organization at the same time. During the session, you can discuss questions with energy and financing experts.
FEMP offers webinars, classroom training, and on-demand training addressing issues such as lighting, energy efficient products, fleet management, renewable energy, greenhouse gases, and water efficiency.
Conferences and Events
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Last Updated: August 18, 2016