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Chemical Management

  

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The focus of the Chemical Management Program Area is emergency planning, community right-to-know, and reporting of substances and processes at facilities which may pose a threat. This program area does not solely apply to manufacturers or large federal facilities. Chemicals include liquids, solids, and gaseous substances. A substance as common as "white-out" or a household pesticide/herbicide are considered a chemical as well as paints, strippers, thinners, toluene, mercury, chlorine, and trichloroethane.

Executive Order (EO) 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade, signed 19 March 2015, reaffirmed that Federal agencies are required to report chemical use/storage accordance with the requirements of sections 301 through 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986 (42 U.S.C. 11001 et seq.). There are multiple databases and software programs available to facilitate this reporting. For example, see The Toxics Release Inventory - Made Easy (TRI-ME), the Tier 2 Submit Software, and the Reportable Quantity (RQ) Calculator

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Regulations, Guidance, and Policy
Also known as Title III of SARA, EPCRA was enacted by Congress as the national legislation on community safety. This law was designated to help local communities protect public health, safety, and the environment from chemical hazards.
EPA has an interpretive statement in response to questions raised about Clean Water Act (CWA) permitting requirements for the application of pesticides to or over the nation's waters. The statement reflects EPA’s belief that a CWA permit is not required where application of a particular pesticide to or over water is consistent with requirements under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). However, EPA is reinforcing for local officials, resource managers, agricultural producers, and other pesticide users the importance of applying pesticides in accordance with their label directions.
Questions submitted to the EPA about EPCRA and their answers.
Planning for Federal Sustainability in the Next Decade
19 March 2015
The goal of EO 13693 is to maintain Federal leadership in sustainability and greenhouse gas emission reductions. Signed by President Obama on 19 March 2015. Section 16 of this EO revokes the following:
  • Executive Order 13423 of January 24, 2007;
  • Executive Order 13514 of October 5, 2009;
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 2, 2011 (Implementation of Energy Savings Projects and Performance-Based Contracting for Energy Savings);
  • Section 1 of Presidential Memorandum of February 21, 2012 (Driving Innovation and Creating Jobs in Rural America through Biobased and Sustainable Product Procurement); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of December 5, 2013 (Federal Leadership on Energy Management); and
  • Presidential Memorandum of May 24, 2011 (Federal Fleet Performance).
Need help understanding Executive Order (EO) 13693? Want to know more about how to take action and turn your building into a high-performance building? The Sustainable Facilities Tool can walk you through EO 13693. Click through the annotated text for definitions, strategies, and links.
This GSA-developed chart summarizes the major provisions of Executive Order (EO) 13693, Planning for Federal Sustainability for the Next Decade, and how they differ from prior authorities.
In this database, users can browse and search frequently asked questions about EPCRA, RMP, and Oil Pollution Prevention (which includes oil discharge regulations, SPCC, and FRP). In addition, users can submit their own question if they do not find a similar one in the Database.
This database is designed to enable users to locate documents, including publications, OSW memos, and other outreach materials, that cover a wide range of RCRA issues and topics.
Issued August 2013, the guidance document is intended to assist regional inspectors in reviewing a facility's implementation of the Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) rule at 40 CFR part 112 and understanding the rule's applicability, and to help clarify the role of the inspector in the review and evaluation of the performance-based SPCC requirements. The guidance document is also available to owners and operators of facilities that may be subject to the requirements of the SPCC rule and the general public on how EPA intends the SPCC rule to be implemented. The document is designed to provide a consistent national policy on several SPCC-related issues.
Supporting Information and Tools
 
Databases/Software Tools
This is EPA's online warehouse of all publicly available chemical toxicity data and can be used to find all publicly available data about potential chemical risks to human health and the environment. ACToR aggregates data from over 500 public sources on over 500,000 environmental chemicals searchable by chemical name, other identifiers and by chemical structure.
Use this page to find health and safety information submitted to EPA under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). This information is intended for individuals interested in learning more about chemicals that are manufactured or imported into the United States.
View a listing of chemicals that are monitored by EPA's Major Program Systems: Air (AFS), Water (PCS), Hazardous Waste (RCRIS),Superfund (CERCLIS) and Toxics Release Inventory (TRIS).
A free program you can use to find out about the reactivity of substances or mixtures of substances (reactivity is the tendency of substances to undergo chemical change). It includes:
  • a database of reactivity information for more than 6,000 common hazardous chemicals,
  • a way for you to virtually "mix" chemicals--like the chemicals in a derailed tankcars --to find out what dangers could arise from accidental mixing.
This tool displays key health and safety data in an online format that allows comparison of chemicals by use and by health or environmental effects. The search tool combines available TSCA information and provides streamlined access to EPA assessments, hazard characterizations, and information on safer chemical ingredients. Additionally, the tool allows searches by chemical name or Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number, use, hazard effect, or regulatory action.
A system of software applications used widely to plan for and respond to chemical emergencies. It is one of the tools developed by EPA's Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office (CEPPO) and NOAA, to assist front-line chemical emergency planners and responders. They can use CAMEO to access, store, and evaluate information critical for developing emergency plans. In addition, CAMEO supports regulatory compliance by helping users meet the chemical inventory reporting requirements of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA, also known as SARA Title III). CAMEO also can be used with a separate software application called LandView ® to display EPA environmental databases and demographic/economic information to support analysis of environmental justice issues.
This database consolidates human exposure data from studies that have collected chemical measurements from homes and child care centers. Data include the amounts of chemicals found in food, drinking water, air, dust, indoor surfaces and urine. ExpoCastDB users can obtain summary statistics of exposure data and download datasets.
This system provides complete and easy access to technical health and environmental effect information on chemicals that are manufactured in exceptionally large amounts. Information in this database are submitted through EPA's High Production Volume (HPV) Challenge Program. HPVIS allows users to search for summary information, test plans, and new data on high production volume chemicals as they are developed.
This EPA dashboard provides access to data from innovative screening technologies for chemicals that are found in industrial and consumer products, food additives and drugs.
IRIS is an EPA database of human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances found in the environment. IRIS was initially developed for EPA staff in response to a growing demand for consistent information on chemical substances for use in risk assessments, decision-making and regulatory activities. The information in IRIS is intended for those without extensive training in toxicology, but with some knowledge of health sciences.
The Consolidated List of Chemicals Subject to the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) and Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act was prepared to help firms handling chemicals determine whether they need to submit reports under sections 302, 304, or 313 of EPCRA and, for a specific chemical, what reports may need to be submitted. It will also help sites determine whether they will be subject to accident prevention regulations under CAA section 112(r). These lists should be used as a reference tool, not as a definitive source of compliance information.
The intent of this software is to help companies/organizations find alternate chemical mixtures or solvents that still improve their processes but are not as harmful to our environment. The PARIS III database includes more than 4000 solvents commonly used by industry. In the search for replacements, it taps only those that have less environmental impact (greener), mixing them together in different proportions to find mixtures that perform as close as possible to the performance of those currently used by companies. The close replacement mixtures found can then be sorted to choose those mixtures that are least harmful to the environment. This solvent substitution software tool is provided by the EPA for free, and can be effective and efficiently used to help environmentally-conscious individuals find better and greener solvent mixtures for many different common industrial processes.
The National Response Center (NRC) is the sole federal point of contact for reporting oil and chemical spills. In addition to gathering and distributing spill data for Federal On-Scene Coordinators, the NRC serves as the communications and operations center for the National Response Team, which is chaired by EPA. The NRC has implemented an on-line query system that makes oil and chemical spill data available via the World Wide Web.
RMP*Comp is an electronic tool used to perform the off-site consequence analysis required under the Risk Management Program rule published by the EPA on July 20, 1996, which implements Section 112(r) of the Clean Air Act. Previously, EPA has referred to this tool as RMP Calculator or RMP Assistant.
This tool provides access to the pollution prevention/source reduction information submitted in the TRI reports.
This system provides information on substances and how they are represented in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulations and information systems.
EPA has developed Tier2 Submit to help facilities prepare an electronic chemical inventory report. Tier2 Submit is free to download and fully compatible with CAMEOfm.
This database captures thousands of in vivo animal toxicity studies on hundreds of chemicals. The system stores detailed study design, dosing, and observed treatment-related effects using standardized vocabulary. It also provides detailed chemical toxicity data, for the first time, in a publically accessible and searchable format and enables linkages to other public hazard, exposure and risk resources by integrating with ACToR (Aggregated Computational Toxicology Resource). It captures over 30 years and $2 billion of animal testing results.
A tool to help facilities determine and complete their Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA) section 313 (TRI) reporting obligations.
This system provides fast and easy access to the TRI data to help communities identify facilities and chemical releases that warrant further study and analysis.
The inventory is a list of each chemical substance that is manufactured or processed in the United States.
Directories/Catalogs/Newsletters
Bi-monthly EPA newsletter about risk management, EPCRA, and related topics.
Libraries/Repositories
This is an online community of green chemistry practitioners and an information clearinghouse of resources to support their work. It is designed to facilitate the exchange of information, ideas, and expertise on one easy-to-access and use web platform. The overarching goal for the Green Chemistry Connection is to broaden the understanding and adoption of green chemistry practices and principles in business, education, government, health care, and society as a catalyst to growing a sustainable economy.
PCRC is maintained by the National Center for Manufacturing Sciences (NCMS). The PCRC is one of the Compliance Assistance Centers developed by industry-government partnerships, with support from EPA's Office of Compliance.
This site contains links to information on TRI chemical lists, tri pbt chemicals, list changes, toxicity, regulatory program information, fact sheets, and chemical specific guidance documents.
Organizations
AIChE, was founded in 1908. AIChE is a professional association of more than 50,000 members that provides leadership in advancing the chemical engineering profession. Chemical engineers are at the forefront of research to assure the safe and environmentally-sound manufacture, use, and disposal of chemical products.
Beyond Pesticides is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization which advocates safe, healthy, LIVING lawns and landscapes with the use of organic and least toxic practices and products that nurture healthy lawns and landscapes and protect the health of children, families, pets, wildlife and the environment from unnecessary exposure to toxic pesticides.
This is an online community of green chemistry practitioners and an information clearinghouse of resources to support their work. It is designed to facilitate the exchange of information, ideas, and expertise on one easy-to-access and use web platform. The overarching goal for the Green Chemistry Connection is to broaden the understanding and adoption of green chemistry practices and principles in business, education, government, health care, and society as a catalyst to growing a sustainable economy.
CCPA brings together manufacturers, insurers, government, academia, and expert consultants to lead the way in improving manufacturing process safety. CCPS and its sponsors are committed to protecting employees, communities, and the environment by developing engineering and management practices to prevent or mitigate catastrophic releases of chemicals, hydrocarbons, and other hazardous materials.
The NRC is the sole federal point of contact for reporting oil and chemical spills. In addition to gathering and distributing spill data for Federal On-Scene Coordinators, the NRC serves as the communications and operations center for the National Response Team, which is chaired by EPA. The NRC has implemented an on-line query system that makes oil and chemical spill data available online.
The center provides FAQs on Superfund, EPCRA, TRI, and RMP. They also post a monthly summary of questions posed to the center and their answers. Reports include a representative selection of common questions and answers, as well as summaries of new publications and recent Federal Registers relevant to Information Center programs.
An independent federal agency investigating chemical accidents to protect workers, the publice, and the environment. The CSB determines the causes of accidents but does not issue fines or penalties. The immediate causes of accidents often involve equipment failures, human errors, unforeseen chemical reactions or other hazards. But the ultimate goal of the Board's investigations is to determine the root causes of accidents, which typically are deficiencies in safety management systems.
Supporting Information and Tools Bottom Border

 

Lessons Learned
 
Award Winners
This program is an opportunity for individuals, groups, and organizations to compete for annual awards in recognition of innovations in cleaner, cheaper, smarter chemistry. The Program provides national recognition of outstanding chemical technologies that incorporate the principles of green chemistry into chemical design, manufacture, and use, and that have been or can be utilized by industry in achieving their pollution prevention goals.
Accident Prevention & Reporting
Provides information about EPA's Emergency Management programs, their emergency management partners, and locating information resources for cleanup or response activities.
This book, intended for safety managers, chemists, and engineers alike, helps both small and large companies address safe handling, processing and storing of chemicals that might become involved in uncontrolled chemical reactions. The Center for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS), in partnership with OSHA, the EPA, the American Chemistry Council, and Synthetic Organic Chemical Manufacturers Association, has made this book available.
Community Right-to-Know
Federal facilities that have chemicals held above the following thresholds must submit either copies of their MSDSs or a list of MSDS chemicals to the SERC, LEPC, and local fire department:
  • for all extremely hazardous substances present in amounts >= 500 lb (227 kg, approximately 55 gal) or the threshold planning quantity, whichever is lower
  • for gasoline (all grades combined) in amounts >= 75,000 gal (or approximately 283,900 L) when the gasoline is in tanks entirely underground at a retail gas station that was in compliance during the preceding CY with all applicable UST regulations
  • for diesel fuel (all grades combined) in amounts >= 100,000 gal (or approximately 378,500 L) when the diesel is in tanks entirely underground at a retail gas station that was in compliance during the preceding CY with all applicable UST regulations
  • for all other hazardous chemicals present at any one time in amounts >= 10,000 lb (4540 kg).
Chemical Identification
ToxCast™ Phases I and II are testing a combined total of about 2,000 chemicals. Chemical nominations came from within EPA, from other U.S. agencies (NTP, NIEHS, FDA), from international organizations such as OECD and from other stakeholder groups. In Phase III, ToxCastTM will expand the list to thousands of environmental chemicals, delivering an affordable, science-based system for decision-makers.
Chemical Use Reduction
This tool provides access to the pollution prevention/source reduction information submitted in the TRI reports.
SFI is an approach that encourages pollution prevention in new chemical development through the transfer of EPA's chemical risk screening methodologies.
The P2 Framework is compilation of many of EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics (OPPT) most important computer-based methods for predicting risk-related information. The P2 Framework provides important methods to predict risk-related information that may not be readily available. Its purpose is to provide information that can inform decision making and help promote the design, development, and application of safer chemicals, products, and processes.
Lessons Learned Bottom Border
 
Training, Presentations, and Briefings
This course provides participants with an introduction to applied environmental chemistry principles and practices which underlie the release, fate and transport, sampling, analysis, and cleanup of chemicals contaminating environmental media with particular emphasis on soil and groundwater.
This 2-day course provides participants with a review of fundamental chemical concepts which underlie an understanding of applied environmental chemistry concepts and practices. This course is designed for environmental professionals who are not chemists, but who require a basic knowledge of chemistry and environmental chemistry in their work.
A system of software applications used widely to plan for and respond to chemical emergencies. It is one of the tools developed by EPA's Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office (CEPPO) and NOAA, to assist front-line chemical emergency planners and responders. They can use CAMEO to access, store, and evaluate information critical for developing emergency plans. In addition, CAMEO supports regulatory compliance by helping users meet the chemical inventory reporting requirements of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA, also known as SARA Title III). CAMEO also can be used with a separate software application called LandView ® to display EPA environmental databases and demographic/economic information to support analysis of environmental justice issues.
TSI is a part of the U.S.Department of Transportation (DOT) and was initially created in 1971 to support DOT's mission of ensuring safety and security in the nation's transportation system. They offer courses in hazardous materials transportation, hazardous waste transportation, and other forms of transportation.
Addresses inventorying chemicals, emergency planning, emergency releases, and community right-to-know.
This is a course offered to DoD students to learn proper environmental sampling technique. This include: * basic sampling techniques (grab/composite/multi-increment sampling, avoidance of cross contamination, use of preservatives, etc.) * specific sampling techniques for the following media: soil, potable water, waste water (including storm water), groundwater and hazardous waste * completion of environmental sampling paperwork (e.g. sample container labeling, field log books, chain of custody documentation) * health and safety considerations * field testing techniques (i.e. use of pH meter, conductivity / total dissolved solids meter, temperature indicator and dissolved oxygen meter) * Use of a flow-through cell for micro purging of monitoring wells.
The course content is provided by the American Chemical Society Green Chemistry Institute whose mission is to catalyze and enable the implementation of green chemistry and engineering throughout the global chemical enterprise. This material is the property of the ACS Green Chemistry Institute® and is being shared by Western Sustainability and Pollution Prevention Network (WSPPN) with permission.
Conferences and Events
November 2017
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Last Updated: August 18, 2016