Facility Regulatory Tour
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Facility Regulatory Tour (Text Version)

Air Emission Sources Common sources of regulated air emissions are: heating and cooling systems, degreasers, steam generators (i.e., boilers), motor vehicles, turbines, wastewater treatment works, incinerators and fuel dispensing. The Clean Air Act Section 118(a) requires that each agency and employee of the Federal government comply with all Federal, State, interstate and local requirements respecting the control and abatement of air pollution in the same manner and the same extent as any non-governmental entity.
Cleanup Sites The clean up or restoration of land, buildings and waterways which have previously been contaminated. This includes the remediation or disposal of the contaminated material, the technologies to be used in performing cleanup, and standards to prevent further contamination. An important partner for the cleanup of Federal facilities is the EPA's Federal Facilities Restoration and Reuse Office (FFRRO). For additional information specific to Federal Facilities, see the Compendium of Federal Facilities Cleanup Information
Construction Zones Areas, sites, locations and facilities where construction, renovation, or deconstruction occur. Of special interest is the management of stormwater, construction debris, asbestos, and lead-based paint as well as the utilization of "green" construction options.
Drinking Water Treatment Drinking water treatment includes the provision of water from sources other than the municipal drinking water system. This includes water provided at campgrounds, visitor centers, hiking trails, and housing as well as to an entire federal facility.
Facility Infrastructure Facilities infrastructure maintenance addresses those support activities and processes that are a part of the operation and maintenance of a federal facility. This includes: painting, metal working, carpentry, lead-based paint, electrical, fabric care, heating and cooling systems, and asbestos.
Grounds Maintenance Grounds maintenance activities that commonly take place at federal facilities include: landscaping, leaf and brush removal, pesticide and fertilizer application, lawn trimming and lawn mowing maintenance, composting, snow removal, and debris cleanup.
Hazardous Waste Storage Hazardous waste is generated at nearly every federal facility. Common hazardous wastes include waste paint, waste solvents, waste adhesives, waste solder and spill cleanup waste.
Laboratories A laboratory is a facility where the laboratory use of hazardous chemicals occurs. It is a workplace where relatively small quantities of hazardous chemicals are used on a non-production basis (29 CFR 1910.1450(b)). This can be a wet lab, a biology lab, a histology lab, a hematology lab, a dry lab, a necropsy lab, a water analysis lab, or a waste characterization lab to name a few possibilities.
Landfills Landfills include what are commonly known as sanitary landfills, dumps, and construction debris landfills as well as municipal solid waste landfills. These are areas where waste is sent for final disposal, including: solid waste, plant waste, household waste, and in some cases hazardous waste. The most common of these found on federal facilities are inadvertently created open dumps.
Medical Facilities Hospitals, clinics, dentists, veterinarians, and mortuaries all handle medical waste. But they are also subject to the same solid waste, pesticide application, hazardous waste, drinking water, and wastewater requirements other types of facilities must comply with.
Ports and Harbors Numerous federal agencies operate watercraft from various ports and harbors throughout the United States. These include the U.S. Navy, U.S. Coast Guard, NOAA. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Vessel types include warships, search and rescue vessels, research watercrafts, dredges, and dormitory boats. Typically the home ports for these watercraft have a variety of activities and facilities which impact the environment. This portion of the Facility Regulatory Tour addresses those shore activities and limited activities which take place in the water. It does not address environmental issues on the watercraft themselves.
Solid Waste Storage Solid waste is generated at every federal facility in the forms of office trash (primarily paper and cardboard), food waste, plant waste, and garbage. Some federal facilities also generate medical waste in the form of infectious waste or pathological wastes. The process of renovating or constructing new facilities are also sources of large amounts of solid waste.
Storage Tanks Storage tanks include aboveground and underground storage tanks. Regulated storage tanks might contain petroleum products, hazardous substances, hazardous waste, or used oil. This category does not include propane tanks.
Vehicle Maintenance Vehicle maintenance includes the maintenance of motor vehicles or heavy equipment regardless of whether it is Agency-owned or GSA-owned. Vehicle maintenance includes procedures such as changing oil, changing antifreeze, re-charging air conditioners, washing, rotating and balancing tires, as well as the complete reworking of airframes, engines, and avionics.
Wastewater Treatment Facilities Wastewater is generated by every federal facility. It might include sanitary sewage, industrial wastewater, or even stormwater. Depending on the individual facility wastewater might be discharged to a publicly/federally owned treatment works, a sewage lagoon, a leach field, a septic system, a cesspool, or even a composting toilet.

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Last Updated: August 30, 2011